Which Test to use to learn if it's LD / Dyslexic / Dygraphia?

If you think your student has a reading issue make sure you request all five areas of reading, that are outline in NCLD, “Reading First” Initiative:
  1. Phonemic Awareness
  2. Phonics
  3. Fluency
  4. Vocabulary
  5. Comprehension strategies
Example of the Diagnose tests to be used:
  1. Comprehensive Test of Phonological Processing (CTOPP), for Phonemic Awareness.
  2. Woodcock Reading Mastery Test - Revised (WRMT_R) "Word Attack" (Is a more in-depth reading decoding assessment, word-level phonetic decoding skills), for Phonics.
  3. Gray Oral Reading Test (GORT) measures fluency, accuracy, rate, and comprehension when the student is reading outloud, for Fluency.
  4. Gates-MacGinitie Reading Tests, 4th Edition (GMRT-4), for Reading Comprehension.
  5. Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT), for Vocabulary.
Suggested tests from the book:
Overcoming Dyslexia book coverOvercoming Dyslexia: A New and Complete Science-Based Program for Overcoming Reading Problems at Any Level
by Sally Shaywitz (2003)
Chapter 11: Diagnosing Dyslexia in School-Age Child
page 134-135:

Dr. Shaywitz suggest the use of several of the subtests that must be used, they are the ability to read nonsense words, the WJ-III calls (1.) Word Attack, (2.) Reading Comprehension, and (3.) Reading Fluency.
To assess all 5 area of reading, include (4.) Reading Vocabulary and (5.) Sound Awareness subtest, (that is a Phonemic Awareness test) and also Sound Blending subtest, a Spelling of sounds subtest, and Picture Vocabulary subtest.  Other academic areas to assess: writing, spelling and math (including writing fluency and math fluency).
Click here to view the WJ III subtests.

Dysgraphia: More Than Just Bad Handwriting, by: Voice of America (2008)
          Dysgraphia, by Margaret Kay, Ed.D. NCSP

Preschool and kindergarten:

Primary years:

Older Elementary students:

Adolescent and adult:

The Detroit Tests of Learning Aptitude (DTLA) was recommended for all age levels.

Dr. Greene recommended using the Detroit Tests of Learning Aptitude (DTLA) as a global test that primarily tests verbal and non verbal language. "It measures the level at which the individual would perform if appropriate interventions were implemented (as is required by federal law)." 


One of our original webpages, created October 2, 2008, by Melody Orfei
Webpage last modified on December 28, 2011 - V11, by Melody Orfei